What Is Tisha B’Av?
Tisha B’Av, the 9th day of the month of Av (July. 29-30, 2020), is the saddest day on the Jewish schedule, on which we quick, deny ourselves and supplicate. It is the finish of the Three Weeks, a timeframe during which we mark the devastation of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
Tisha B’av (The Ninth of Av) is a day of mourning and fasting. The occasion celebrates different misfortunes that came to pass for the Jewish individuals from the beginning of time, especially the devastation of the two sanctuaries in 586 BCE and 70 CE.
Tisha B’Av closes a multi week grieving period, which begins with another quick, to be specific the quick of the seventeenth of Tammuz Month of the Jewish Calendar, which celebrates the primary penetrate in the dividers of Jerusalem, before the First Temple was obliterated. During this multi week time span, weddings and different gatherings are not allowed, and individuals avoid trimming their hair. From the first to the ninth of Av, it is standard to abstain from eating meat or drinking wine and from wearing new apparel.
What Does Tisha B’Av Mean?
Tisha B’Av means “the ninth of Av” in Hebrew (“Av” is the name of a Hebrew month), referring to the date of this fast day, and the date of some of the tragedies it commemorates.
What Happened on 9 Av?
1313 BCE: The covert operatives came back from the Promised Land with terrifying reports, and the Israelites scoffed at the possibility of entering the land. G‑d declared that they would along these lines meander in the desert for a 40 years.
Both Holy Temples in Jerusalem were crushed on this date. The First Temple was scorched by the Babylonians in 423 BCE and the Second Temple tumbled to the Romans in 70 CE, releasing a time of experiencing which our country has never completely recuperated.
The Bar Kochba rebel against the Romans in 133 CE finished tragically: The Jews of Betar were butchered on the ninth of Av and the Temple Mount was furrowed one year later on a similar date.
Later on in our history, a lot more misfortunes occurred on this day, including the 1290 removal of England’s Jews and the 1492 expulsion of all Jews from Spain.
How 9 Av Is Celebrated
The quick starts at dusk of the eighth of Av and finishes up at sunset the next night (postponed by one day when 9 Av is on Shabbat). During this time, we don’t
- eat or drink
- wear cowhide footwear
- wash or wash ourselves (washing just until the knuckle when ordered by halachah)
- apply treatments or creams
- participate in conjugal relations or any type of closeness
- sit on a typical stature seat until chatzot (when the sun has arrived at its peak)
- study Torah (aside from the “sad” parts that manage the pulverization of the Temples, and so on.)
- send blessings, or even welcome each other (you may react to welcome)
- take part in excursions, trips or comparative pleasurable exercises
- wear fine, bubbly garments