Born on July 19, 1827, in Uttar Pradesh’s Ballia district, Mangal Pandey assumed a key part in the occasions that prompted India’s most memorable significant defiance to the British Empire in 1857. Pandey was a sepoy in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment of the British East India Company.
In any case, after the Britishers presented new cartridges that purportedly were bound with animal fat, Pandey rebelled against the Crown. The cartridges were supposedly bound with cow and pig fat which is viewed as hostile to the strict convictions of the two Hindus and Muslims.
The Britishers at first denied utilizing any animal fat, yet the questions of Pandey and different troopers got more grounded and in the end prompted an uprising. Pandey prompted his fellow sepoys to take on the British empire for atrocities under their rule.
Who was Mangal Pandey?
Mangal Pandey was born in an aristocratic Brahman family on July 19, 1827, in a town close to Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh. In 1849, Pandey enlisted in the multitude of the British East India Company and filled in as a sepoy in the sixth Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry in Barrackpore.
While in Barrackpore, it is accepted that the British has presented another sort of Enfield rifle that required soldiers to bite off the ends of the cartridge in order to load the weapon. Talk spread that the grease utilized in the cartridge was either cow or pig fat, which was in struggle of the strict convictions of the two Hindus and Muslims. The sepoys were angry with its utilization in the cartridge.
On March 29, 1857, Pandey attempted to actuate his fellow sepoys to ascend against the British. He went after two of those officers and when he was controlled, he endeavored to shoot himself. Nonetheless, he was in the long run overwhelmed and captured.
In the wake of being attempted, Pandey was condemned to death. He should be held tight April 18, however dreading the flare-up of an enormous scope revolt, the Britishers moved his execution to April 8.
His impact on Indian freedom struggle:
After his death, a bigger insurrection began following opposition and rebel against the utilization of Enfield cartridges in Meerut soon thereafter. The disobedience before long immersed the whole country. This prompted the revolt of 1857 being known as the first war of Indian independence.
Almost 90,000 men joined the mutiny. The Indian side confronted misfortunes in Kanpur and Lucknow, yet the British needed to withdraw to the Sikh and Gurkha powers.
Following the 1857 Mutiny, the British Parliament passed a demonstration to cancel the East India Company. India turned into a crown province straightforwardly under the Queen.
Mangal Pandey lighted the flash that at last won India its freedom 90 years after the fact.
In 1984, the Indian Government gave a postal stamp highlighting a memory of Mangal Pandey to recognize his contribution to the Indian Freedom struggle.
A film in view on the life of Mangal Pandey was released in the year 2005. Directed by Ketan Mehta, Mangal Pandey: The Rising featured Aamir Khan in the titular role. Rani Mukerji, Ameesha Patel and Toby Stephens likewise played key parts in the film.