Diabetes: 10 Diet Tips to Reduce The Glycemic Index and Manage Blood Sugar Surges

Understanding the subtleties of the glycemic index (GI) is essential for creating good eating habits. One important indicator of how quickly carbs in food raise blood sugar is the GI. High GI foods can cause blood sugar surges, which can be problematic for people controlling diabetes or trying to lose weight. Luckily, there are useful strategies to reduce the GI of your meals, mainly through the inclusion of items that help to stabilise blood sugar levels.

Choose whole grains: Whenever feasible, choose whole grains rather than refined grains. Whole grains have a lower glycemic index because they are higher in minerals and fibre, which helps to delay the absorption of sugar into the bloodstream. Examples of whole grains are brown rice, quinoa, oats, and whole wheat.

Incorporate legumes: Legumes are a great source of fibre and protein. This includes beans, lentils, and chickpeas. Legumes provide you long-lasting energy and encourage feelings of fullness, so they can help reduce the total glycemic index of your diet.

Include healthy fats: Nuts, seeds, avocados, olive oil, and other healthy fats can all help lower a meal’s glycemic reaction. By slowing down digestion, fats help to avoid sharp rises in blood sugar. For a healthy diet, include these fats in moderation in your meals.

Add protein-rich foods:  Foods high in protein, such fish, lean meats, tofu, and Greek yoghurt, can help control blood sugar levels by reducing the rate at which carbs are absorbed. Every meal should include some form of protein to help with overall glycemic control.

Focus on non-starchy vegetables: rich in fibre, vitamins, and minerals, non-starchy veggies like leafy greens, broccoli, cauliflower, and peppers are low in calories and carbs. These veggies can be consumed in large quantities and have little effect on blood sugar levels.

Limit added sugars: Keep an eye out for meals and drinks, such as processed snacks, soft drinks, candies, and pastries, that have added sugars. These foods can cause sharp rises in blood sugar levels since they usually have a high glycemic index. To sate your sweet desire without getting an unwelcome sugar surge, use naturally sweet options like fresh fruit.

Practice portion control: Be mindful of serving sizes to prevent overindulging, which can cause blood sugar levels to increase. Use smaller utensils, bowls, and plates to help manage portion sizes and avoid consuming too many calories.

Choose low-glycemic sweeteners: Stevia, monk fruit, or erythritol are examples of low-glycemic sweeteners to use for sweetening food and drinks. These substitutes offer sweetness without producing noticeable blood sugar spikes, which makes them good options for people trying to control their glycemic index.

Eat balanced meals: Try to have meals that are balanced and contain a range of nutrients, such as fibre, healthy fats, protein, and carbs. This combination contributes to a more gradual rise in blood sugar levels by slowing down the breakdown and absorption of carbs.

Stay hydrated: Maintaining a healthy body requires drinking enough water throughout the day, which can also assist control blood sugar levels. To maintain proper metabolic function and to stay hydrated, try to have at least 8 glasses of water each day.